- Function and Importance
- Impact on Car’s Aerodynamics
A car’s structure comprises various components that contribute to its durability and safety. When it comes to a vehicle’s structural units, one might have come across the term “pillars”. Pillars in a car provide vertical support for the roof and window areas. Plus, they enhance safety and prevent the roof from collapsing in rollovers.
That said, we have penned the importance of car pillars, function and types. These will help us understand these car components better.
Function and Importance of Pillars in a Car
Car pillars are pivotal structural elements. They offer essential support to the roof, body panels and different parts of the car doors. Moreover, they perform a critical function in safeguarding occupants in the unfortunate event of a collision. Here are the main functions of pillars in a car. Let’s learn from them.
Pillars are attachment points for various components of the car’s body, including doors, windows and roof panels. Securely fastening these parts to the pillars ensures that they remain in their proper positions to improve the stability and safety of the vehicle.
In the unfortunate event of different types of accidents, the pillars absorb and dissipate the impact energy. It helps protect the occupants by preventing cabin collapse and reduces the risk of severe injuries. That said, different car pillars can withstand various types of collisions.
Pillars, especially the B-pillars (between the front and rear doors), offer side-impact protection. They provide a strong barrier that helps absorb and distribute impact forces during a side collision, reducing the risk of intrusion into the passenger compartment.
The pillars enhance the rigidity and integrity of the car’s body, ensuring stability, safety and handling performance. They distribute the weight and forces throughout the car chassis, contributing to its strength.
The pillars, particularly the A-pillars (located at the front of the vehicle), offer support for the roof structure. This support prevents roof deformation during rollover accidents.
Occupant Space Preservation
The strength and design of car pillars are major factors in preserving the occupant space, commonly known as the “safety cage.” In a car rollover or crash, they prevent roof deformation, ensuring the space where passengers sit remains as intact as possible.
Noise and Vibration Damping
Car Pillars also reduce noise and vibrations from the road, engine and external environment. By providing support and sealing against the elements, they help create a quieter and more comfortable interior for the occupants.
Types of Pillars in a Car
The types of car pillars differ according to the car body types. For instance, sedans have two or three car pillars on each side. They give them a more aerodynamic design and spacious interior than cars with more pillars. Meanwhile, coupes have two pillars, giving them a compact look.
On the other hand, the appearance of hatchbacks and station wagons also differs due to pillars. Hatchbacks have A, B and C pillars while station wagons house an additional pillar D. That is why they have elongated shapes.
The most common types of pillars found in cars are:
The A-pillar is located at the front of the car, on each side of the windshield. It provides support at the front of the roof and is important for maintaining the structural rigidity of the car. The A-pillar can affect the driver’s field of vision, so its design is crucial for visibility and safety.
The B-pillar is between the front and rear doors of a sedan or a hatchback. In many cars, it houses the latch for the rear doors and plays a significant role in side-impact safety. In some car designs, there is a second set of smaller B-pillars in a car behind the rear doors.
The C-pillar at the car’s rear connects the roof to the rear body structure. Its design varies significantly between car models and body styles. In some cars, it may be thin and angled, while in others, it may be more substantial.
The D-pillar in a car is found in some larger vehicles, such as SUVs and station wagons. It is located at the rear of the car, connecting the roof to the body structure.
Apart from the four main types of pillars, there are a couple of less common ones:
- E-pillar: It is usually seen on minivans and SUVs, behind the D-pillar.
- F-pillar: More commonly found on large vehicles like limousines, it’s positioned behind the E-pillar.
Role of Pillars in Car Aerodynamics
The design of car pillars also influences the car’s aerodynamics. Streamlined pillar shapes and careful integration with the vehicle’s body help reduce wind resistance and improve fuel efficiency. Here’s how each pillar contributes to the aerodynamics of a car:
- A-pillars: Angled A-pillars guide air smoothly over the roof and windshield, reducing drag and noise.
- B-pillars: They help create a balanced car shape, minimising lift and enhancing stability.
- C-pillars: C-pillars act as wings or aerodynamic components to generate downforce, enhancing car handling and performance.
What are the pillars in a car?
Pillars in a car mean vertical structural support that forms the vehicle’s framework and provides safety and structural integrity.
How many pillars are on a car?
There are four main types of car pillars: A-pillar, B-pillar, C-pillar and D-pillar. However, they differ according to the car body type.
Can a damaged car pillar be repaired?
Yes, a damaged car pillar can often be repaired, but the extent of the damage and repair cost may vary.
All in all, these are the types of pillars in a car. explained with their main functions They are a crucial part of the vehicle’s structure and enhance its safety. Besides, the number of car pillars also determines the car body type. Speaking of that, if you are in search of a new ride, sift through these used cars for sale in the UAE and pick a car that fits your budget.
Stay tuned to dubizzle’s cars blog for more on different car components, their function and types.